Economic Development

Missouri Explores Rural Economic Development Opportunities Through Trade With Cuba

The Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) will be looking to explore opportunities for rural economic development benefiting the state’s agricultural producers, processors and growers through trade with Cuba.

Tobacco field in Cuba

Tobacco field in Cuba (photo – Kotoviski/Wikimedia)

The MDA has been directed by Governor Jay Nixon to explore these possibilities. In a press release announcing these plans, Gov. Nixon said that Cuba provides exciting prospects as an export market for the world-class goods produced by Missouri farmers.

The Governor added that Missouri’s agricultural exports are up 14 percent this year alone and help drive the state’s economy and the growth of Missouri jobs. “I look forward to the Department of Agriculture detailing the additional economic opportunities we would gain by expanding our trade market in Cuba,” said Gov. Nixon.

Missouri Agriculture Director Richard Fordyce said in the release that working in partnership with producers and commodity groups throughout the state and nation, he is excited to carry out the Governor’s directive to maximize the potential for economic growth and prosperity through expanded trade opportunities with Cuba.

This announcement follows on the heels of the 45th Governor’s Conference on Agriculture in Osage Beach. During his address at the conference, Gov. Nixon discussed his priorities for agriculture and rural economic development.

The Governor’s Office is additionally moving ahead to communicate with USDA and the U.S. State Department about opportunities for trade missions of Missouri business, agricultural and government leaders to Cuba focused on agricultural exports.

Following the announcement of normalization of relations with Cuba, U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack issued a statement in which he says that the announcement “expands opportunity for U.S. farmers and ranchers to do business in Cuba. It removes technical barriers between U.S. and Cuban companies and creates a more efficient, less burdensome opportunity for Cuba to buy U.S. agricultural products.”

American Farm Bureau Federation President Bob Stallman likewise issued a statement in which he says that this is welcome news for the nation’s farmers and ranchers. “Improving trade relations between the U.S. and Cuba will expand access to a market of 11 million consumers for U.S. agriculture,” said Stallman.

Study – Clusters, Convergence, and Economic Performance

An updated study conducted jointly by professors from MIT, Harvard and Temple University shows empirically how industrial clusters, across fields, help economic growth, jobs and innovation.

Study - Clusters, convergence, and economic performance

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The study, titled “Clusters, convergence, and economic performance,” has been published in the latest issue of Research Policy journal.

The co-authors of the study are Scott Stern, the David Sarnoff Professor of Management at the MIT Sloan School of Management; Mercedes Delgado, a professor at Temple University’s Fox School of Business; and Michael Porter, a professor at Harvard Business School.

The study, using data from the U.S. Cluster Mapping Project, examined 41 industrial clusters, 589 different subfields of industry, and 177 regions in the U.S.

The U.S. Cluster Mapping Project, collaboratively developed by the U.S. Economic Development Administration and the Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness at Harvard Business School, is an interactive website that offers a set of tools to help policymakers, businesses and researchers better understand the dynamics of clusters.

As defined by the MIT-Harvard-Temple study, an economic cluster contains about 15 distinct types of industries, and multiple regions can host a given industry.

The study finds that a region’s one standard deviation increase above the mean in terms of industry specialization leads to an expected 1.3 percentage point annual increase in employment growth and a 1.2 percentage point annual increase in its growth of patents.

Co-author Scott Stern says in an MIT press release announcing the study that “We see more innovation in strong clusters, and strong innovation clusters are also associated with stronger employment. So there’s a duality between the innovation and the jobs.”

The study suggests that rather than attempting a transformation in order to become the next Silicon Valley or Hollywood, a region can improve economic performance by improving its existing assets.

Stern says regions are often told that they’re in a global war for talent, or they should try to put out very expensive incentives to attract a single plant. “What our research suggests is that regions succeed by investing in and extending their comparative advantage,” says Stern.

The study makes use of a novel panel dataset developed by the U.S. Cluster Mapping Project to examine the diversification of regional economies and the factors that influence the emergence of industries in the cluster.

Their findings show that regional cluster strength is positively associated with the emergence of new industries within the cluster, and the strength of the cluster in neighboring regions also contributes to the emergence of new industries in the regional cluster.

Stern says that quantifying the cluster effect in detail will help local leaders make sound economic decisions, and policymakers can use analytics to understand what their sources of relative advantage are.

“That leads to a smarter type of economic development than simply chasing the next big thing,” adds Stern.

US Economic Development Administration Final Rule Set to Go Into Effect

Effective Jan 20, 2015, the U.S. Economic Development Administration’s work implementing the Public Works and Economic Development Act of 1965 will be amended with a focus on innovation and regional collaboration.

EDA Final Rule

EDA Final Rule (photo –

The comprehensive changes under the EDA Final Rule, published in the Federal Register, (Vol. 79, No. 244) are intended to reflect the agency’s current practices and policies in administering its economic development assistance programs.

The EDA will now have new eligibility, investment rates and match requirements. The agency will be able to authorize a grant rate of up to 80 percent to incentivize projects that encourage broad and innovative regional planning, or demonstrate effective leveraging of other federal resources.

EDA’s criteria for evaluating applications is also modified, with a new focus on ensuring regional collaboration, public-private partnerships, advancing national strategic priorities, global competitiveness, environmentally sustainable development, and support for economically distressed and underserved communities.

The EDA also has new and specific definitions for what constitutes innovation- and entrepreneurship-related infrastructure, including business incubation/acceleration, venture development organizations, proof of concept centers and technology transfer.

The Final Rule also restructures the way the EDA requires the Comprehensive Economic Development Strategies (CEDS) process to be managed. Educational institutions and non-profits are now expected to be a part of the planning process.

The Final Rule also eliminates the requirement that private sector representatives constitute a majority of Strategy Committee membership, and also eliminates the requirement that the CEDS document should contain a project list.

CEDS content requirements are modified from the EDA’s laundry-list of ten items to four essential planning elements:-

- In-depth SWOT analysis of the region;

- Summary of economic development conditions of the region;

- Performance measures used for evaluating CEDS development and implementation by the Planning Organization; and

- Strategies and an implementation plan not inconsistent with applicable State and local economic development or workforce development strategies;

The Final Rule also includes changes to requirements regarding the composition of Economic Development District (EDD) policy boards. Also changed are the EDA’s Revolving Loan Fund (RLF) requirements. The agency will have greater flexibility regarding property issues, and the authority to accept instruments such as escrow agreements and letters of credit to protect the agency’s interest in project property.

The process of determining economic distress levels is also modified. The agency will use BLS data to determine economic distress levels based on unemployment rate, and ACS data will be used for determining distress levels based on per capita income.

The process that led to these changes published under the Final Rule began way back in 2011. After an across the board review of its regulations, the EDA published the original Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) in the Federal Register on Dec 12, 2011.

They received over 120 comments about the NPRM from a variety of respondents. After a review of the public comments received about the proposed rule, and additional internal deliberations, the EDA determined that the policy and legal rationales underlying the changes proposed in NPRM remain compelling.

The full text of the new EDA regulations as amended is available on the website.

Re‐envisioned Iowa Economic Development Roadmap in Battelle Report

Governor Terry Branstad, joined by members of the Iowa Partnership for Economic Progress (IPEP), released the findings of the Battelle Report that lays out Iowa’s re‐envisioned economic development roadmap.

Battelle Report - Iowa's economic development roadmap

Battelle Report (photo –

The IPEP is a CEO-level advisory board co-chaired by Gov. Branstad and Lt. Governor Kim Reynolds.

In a statement announcing the release of the report, the Governor said they now have a roadmap for the future, thanks to the IPEP board and the Iowa Business Council.

“These business leaders – in addition to their day jobs of running Iowa’s top businesses – have given of their time and resources to make sure Iowa has a focused plan to achieve success,” added Gov. Branstad.

The IPEP and Iowa Business Council commissioned the Battelle Technology Partnership Practice last year to conduct this analysis. The study cost, pegged at approximately $400,000, was funded through support from private-sector entities.

For the past 18 months, Battelle researchers have been working with the Iowa Economic Development Authority (IEDA) and regional economic development organizations across the state.

The report reviews Iowa’s industry drivers and highlights growth opportunities, and looks at how the state has fared in terms of job creation and retention and advancing innovation since the previous roadmap was developed in 2004-05.

One of the key parts of the report is a comprehensive analysis of Iowa’s industry clusters. The report identifies Iowa’s 12 major clusters that are outperforming national growth in their sectors.

The 12 Iowa industry clusters identified in the report are agriculture and food production; automation and industrial machinery; avionics and communications electronics; biosciences; building and construction products; health services; heavy machinery; information services, digital media and technology; insurance and finance; primary metals manufacturing; renewable energy; and transportation, distribution and logistics.

Led by agriculture and food production, eight of these 12 clusters generate significant economic multiplier effects and create ripple effects in everything from retail and housing to health care and local markets that support the state’s diversified economy.

The Battelle Report also looks at Iowa’s position as compared to benchmarked states and the nation as a whole. The report says Iowa is faring well, due in part to focused work over the past several years.

Successes identified in the report include the restructuring of the Iowa Economic Development Authority and streamlining of funding programs, creation of better public-private partnerships, and improved marketing of Iowa and its assets.

The report also provides Strategic Priorities that Iowa must adopt to competitively position the state in a global economy.

One of the Strategic Priorities is about building on the competitiveness and growth of Iowa’s industry clusters through innovation, retention and attraction.

Another one calls for generating and attracting skilled workforce in demand by Iowa businesses, and a third one suggests advancing Iowa’s physical infrastructure and regional development capacities.

A fourth strategic priority calls for accelerating the development of Iowa’s emerging entrepreneurial eco-system.

Iowa Economic Development Authority Director Debi Durham said in the release that this report is a valuable resource for the IEDA, economic developers and policymakers around the state.

Iowa’s Re-envisioned Economic Development Roadmap – Battelle Report (pdf)    

Michigan Creates New Department of Talent and Economic Development

Governor Rick Snyder announced an executive order creating a Department of Talent and Economic Development and also the new Michigan Talent Investment Agency. The executive order also restructures several state departments.

Michigan executive order creates dept. of talent and economic development

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The aim of the reorganization is to put Michigan’s job creation and economic development efforts under one new department in order to leverage the state’s ability to build talent with in-demand skills while helping businesses in Michigan grow and thrive.

The executive order authorizes the director of the Department of Talent and Economic Development to be the new CEO of the Michigan Economic Development Corporation, subject to the MEDC executive committee making this determination.

The new director of the Michigan Department of Talent and Economic Development will be Steve Arwood, who is currently MEDC executive vice president and chief operating officer. Arwood will be a member of the Governor’s cabinet.

Current MEDC CEO Michael A. Finney will move into a new role as senior adviser for economic growth, as a member of Gov. Snyder’s executive staff.

The executive order moves the Michigan Strategic Fund and associated programs into the new department, along with the Michigan State Housing and Development Authority.

The MSF Board of Directors is abolished, and the new board will consist of the MEDC CEO or their designee, the Director of the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs or designee, the State Treasurer or designee, and eight residents of the state appointed by the Governor with the advice and consent of the Michigan Senate.

The state Workforce Development Agency and the Unemployment Insurance Agency will be moved into the Michigan Talent Investment Agency. This new agency will coordinate all workforce training programs across the executive branch of the state government, including skilled trades training, employment assistance, and STEM training programs.

Stephanie Comai, who is currently the deputy director of the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, will be the director of the Talent Investment Agency and a member of the Governor’s cabinet.

In a release announcing the executive order, Gov. Snyder said that “One of my top priorities has been to make Michigan a national leader in talent development by focusing on workforce training for the jobs of today and tomorrow.”

The Governor added that this effort will require a comprehensive, unified approach to best help Michiganders while working to retain and attract businesses to create more and better jobs.

See the full executive order – No. 2014-12 (pdf)

Montana Tribal Nations Awarded Indian Country Economic Development Grants

Several tribes in Montana have been awarded funding under the Indian Country Economic Development (ICED) grant program.

Flathead Nation Montana border

Flathead Nation Montana border (photo – jitze/flickr)

Tribes in Montana including the Confederated Salish and Kootenai, Blackfeet, Little Shell, and Fort Belknap Indian Community received $65,000 each for their economic development projects.

Governor Steve Bullock said in a release announcing the funding that the Indian Country Economic Development program honors their government-to-government relationship with every tribal nation in Montana, and also allows for continuing the valuable collaborative process that supports sustainable and effective solutions for creating new revenue and entrepreneurial opportunities in tribal communities.

The governing bodies of Montana’s eight tribal nation governments can apply for ICED funding of up to $65,000 for their priority economic development projects in each fiscal year. The funding can be used to support a business enterprise that will produce a positive economic benefit for the tribe.

The Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes plan to use this funding to provide small grants to tribal business owners and startups to assist with job creation and retention.

The Blackfeet Tribe plans to use the funding to hire contractors for improving infrastructure, lighting, roads and electrical hook-ups at their RV parks and campgrounds. The Little Shell Tribe will use the ICED funding to purchase equipment for a quarry development.

The Fort Belknap Indian Community plans to upgrade their weight scale facility to meet enhanced use of the scale by local producers.  The Fort Belknap Livestock Marketing Co-op Board of Directors said in a statement that the upgrade will ensure that the small dynamic family operator can have access to the same economic advantages as a large producer.

Montana Department of Commerce Director Meg O’Leary portrayed this support for tribal communities as a component of their overall Montana economic development plan under the Main Street Montana Project.

Director O’Leary said in the release that “As a key and intentional outcome of the Governor’s Main Street Montana Project, we are strengthening our relationships to and connectivity with each tribal community across the state and working together on their economic development priorities.”

The Main Street Montana Project is Gov. Bullock’s flagship economic development initiative for the state, and includes clear priorities for increasing capital and encouraging growth of new and existing businesses throughout the tribal nations.

As part of the efforts to implement the Project, members of the administration have met with tribal governments, economic development organizations and colleges to create action plans and work teams who are now implementing the objectives and goals identified in the plan.

NYC Economic Development Corp Support Enables Addabbo Health Center Expansion

The Joseph P. Addabbo Family Health Center is undertaking an expansion of its health center facility in Arverne, a community on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, NYC.

Arverne, NYC

Arverne, NYC (photo – Harrison Leong/Wikimedia)

Addabbo’s $16.3 million investment enabled the City to provide a vacant lot for the 18,000-square-foot expansion.

The project will more than double the clinic’s exam room capacity and allow them to add more specialty medical practices (podiatry, endocrinology and ophthalmology) in an area of the borough that is federally designated as medically underserved.

Furthermore, the Addabbo Health Center expansion is expected to create 59 new full-time jobs and 97 construction jobs. At least half of the permanent jobs will be filled through HireNYC.

HireNYC is a program that connects low-income New York City residents to job opportunities created by NYC economic development projects.

NYC Deputy Mayor for Housing and Economic Development Alicia Glen said in a release announcing the project that the expansion of the Addabbo Health Center is the kind of targeted economic development investment that lifts up entire neighborhoods.

The Addabbo Health Center expansion project was selected after NYCEDC issued a Request for Proposals (RFP) in Sept 2013. The RFP sought projects that would create jobs and support the local economy while also providing needed services and amenities to the Arverne neighborhood and surrounding parts of the Rockaway Peninsula.

Addabbo opened the existing 36,000-square-foot facility on an adjacent part of the same lot in 2006. It has since become a critical resource for Southeast Queens communities that lack medical facilities and practitioners.

It’s also an economic engine for the region, supporting 311 full-time equivalent jobs, a majority of which are staffed by local residents. In addition to providing more jobs for residents through HireNYC, Addabbo will also be making efforts to achieve a 35 percent participation rate by minority, women-owned, and disadvantaged business enterprises in the construction of the expanded facility.

New York State Senator James Sanders said in the release that he encourages his constituents to participate in HireNYC and take advantage of this tremendous resource and opportunity to put Arverne on the path to true economic development.

New York State Assemblywoman Michele Titus likewise said that the Addabbo Family Health Center expansion is exactly the kind of transformative investment the community needs – not only will vital medical services be provided, but jobs will be created which will give a huge boost to Rockaway’s local economy.

NYC Economic Development Corporation President Kyle Kimball said in the release that the Addabbo Health Center expansion demonstrates how City assets can be optimized using a double bottom-line approach – catalyzing significant private investment while creating good jobs and delivering medial services to an area that needs them.

Bloomberg Philanthropies Adds 12 US Cities to Innovation Teams Program

Bloomberg Philanthropies announced a $45 million expansion of its Innovation Teams program with the addition of 12 more U.S. cities to the program.

Bloomberg Philanthropies

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The grant funding provided to each city helps hire and fund dedicated in-house innovation teams (i-teams) with annual grants ranging in-between $400,000 to $1 million for three years.

The i-teams are tasked with helping city officials and agencies through a data-driven process to assess mayoral priorities and come up with bold new strategies and partnerships to deliver measurable results.

The 12 U.S. cities that will each receive grants to establish i-teams are Albuquerque, NM; Boston, MA; Centennial, CO; Jersey City, NJ; Long Beach, CA; Los Angeles, CA; Mobile, AL; Minneapolis, MN; Peoria, IL; Rochester, NY; Seattle, WA; and Syracuse, NY.

Two non-US cities (Jerusalem and Tel Aviv-Yafo, Israel) will also be receiving innovation team grants.

This is the second round of i-teams grants provided by Bloomberg Philanthropies. The first round provided grants to Atlanta, Chicago, Louisville, Memphis, and New Orleans.

Successes in the previous round include reducing homelessness in Atlanta, cutting licensing time for new restaurants in Chicago, reducing retail vacancies in Memphis and reducing the murder rate in New Orleans.

This year, more than 90 U.S. cities were invited to apply for the grant earlier this year in August. Out of the 12 cities awarded the grant, five (Albuquerque, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Mobile, and Seattle) will start by focusing on economic development.

Albuquerque Mayor Richard J. Berry said in a statement that the innovation team will allow them to take a fresh new look at the root causes of Albuquerque’s educational and employment gaps.

Albuquerque is getting a grant of $1.2 million over three years. Their i-team will not help the city identify and address root causes of issues of education and employment gaps, but also help figure out how other seemingly unrelated issues may impact the community.

Long Beach Mayor Robert Garcia said in a statement that it’s time to focus on innovative economic development for the 21st Century. Long Beach is getting a grant of up to $3 million over three years, and the Long Beach i-team will assist the City in stimulating growth, creating jobs and leveraging City resources, particularly through online delivery of City services.

Mobile Mayor Sandy Stimpson likewise said in a statement that “This unique opportunity will allow our administration to develop innovative approaches that ultimately will build stronger neighborhoods.”

Mobile will receive a grant of up to $1.65 million, and the City’s i-team will start by helping expand the Stimpson Administration’s capacity to find creative solutions to Mobile economic development and neighborhood revitalization challenges.

The City of Rochester, NY will receive up to $1.95 million over three years. Rochester’s i-team will be created within the City’s newly-created Office of Innovation and Strategic Initiatives. This office, which is currently housed within the Rochester Department of Neighborhood and Business Development, will become an autonomous unit reporting directly to the Mayor.

Rochester Mayor Lovely Warren said in a statement that “The mission of Bloomberg Philanthropies is very closely aligned with the mission of our Office of Innovation and Strategic Initiatives and I am certain that this new partnership will lead to strategic and innovative approaches to creating jobs, safe neighborhoods and improved educational outcomes.”

High Tech Rochester to Use NY Economic Development Funding to Locate Accelerator in The Sibley Building

The historic Sibley Building in downtown Rochester, NY has been chosen as the site for the high-tech Finger Lakes Business Accelerator Cooperative.

HTR accelerator in The Sibley Building, Rochester, NY

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Lieutenant Governor Robert J. Duffy was in Rochester to make the announcement that High Tech Rochester (HTR) will establish the accelerator in The Sibley Building.

HTR is a non-profit Rochester economic development organization with a mission to be a catalyst for entrepreneurship and innovation-based economic development in the Rochester area and the Finger Lakes Region.

The Sibley Building redevelopment is transforming the former 1.1 million square foot site of Sibley’s Department Store into a mix of office and retail space, affordable and market-rate apartments, underground parking, urban farmers market and other facilities.

In a statement announcing the selection of The Sibley Building for the HTR accelerator, Governor Andrew M. Cuomo said that “repurposing and developing The Sibley Building is an important step for Rochester, and this transformation is a great example of what can be achieved through the Regional Council process.”

High Tech Rochester’s decision to locate the accelerator in The Sibley Building brings together two separate economic development projects and different pieces of local and regional economic development plans and strategies into a perfect fit.

For starters, the accelerator being located in The Sibley Building makes it the cornerstone of Rochester’s newly designated Downtown Innovation Zone and an ideal location for high-tech startups, including those that need wet lab facilities for biotech innovation.

HTR President Jim Senall said in a release that the accelerator will serve as an anchor for the Downtown Innovation Zone and a lighthouse for the startups that locate there.

The Sibley Building redevelopment is projected to create more than 900 jobs and revitalize Rochester’s downtown by attracting residents, employment and investment back to the city center. The HTR accelerator and incubator is expected to create more than 1,000 jobs in the first five years, and will aid in the revitalization by creating an innovation district in the heart of Rochester.

Secondly, both projects – HTR’s accelerator and The Sibley Building development, were among the Finger Lakes projects awarded NY Regional Economic Development Council funding last week.

The $200 million Sibley Building development project was awarded $3 million in the fourth round of REDC funding, adding to the $500,000 provided in the third round.

HTR’s $24 million downtown accelerator/ incubator project was likewise listed as a “priority project” for the Finger Lakes Economic Development Council, and was awarded $5 million in the fourth round of REDC funding. This adds to $5 million in NY State funding that has already been awarded through the CFA process to the multi-phase accelerator project in 2011 and 2012.

HTR will use the new $5 million award to purchase and renovate space on the sixth floor of The Sibley Building, and has already signed an agreement with Boston, MA-based WinnDevelopment which owns the building.

WinnDevelopment Vice President Joseph Eddy said that renovating the historic Sibley Building and transforming downtown Rochester wouldn’t be possible without the support and leadership from Governor Cuomo and the Finger Lakes Regional Economic Development Council.

Eddy added that this project demonstrates the success of public-private partnerships and how targeted investments focusing on the strengths of a region can be a catalyst for economic development.

Vermont Approves $814K Under Windham County Economic Development Progam

Vermont Governor Peter Shumlin announced $814,000 in economic development funding for five projects in Windham County.

Vermont WCEDP

Vermont WCEDP (photo –

This is the first round of funding under the Windham County Economic Development Program established as part of a settlement over the closure of the Entergy VY plant in Vernon, VT.

Gov. Shumlin’s team negotiated the settlement last year, resulting in a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the State of Vermont and Entergy.

The MOU includes, among other things, a commitment by Entergy to provide $10 million over a five-year period to the State of Vermont to promote economic development in Windham County.

The $2 million per year funding program is being administered by the Vermont Agency of Commerce and Community Development (ACCD), and provided to projects in the county through the Windham County Economic Development Program.

The five projects approved for funding under the program’s first round are as follows:-

- $300,000 to the Bellows Falls Area Development Corp. for island redevelopment;

- $170,000 to the Brattleboro Development Credit Corp for a green building/accelerator project;

- $200,000 to the Sustainable Timber Investment Exchange for advanced practice training;

- $79,000 for the Strolling of the Heifers business plan competition; and

- $65,000 to United Way Windham County for the Working Bridges Program.

The Vermont Economic Development Authority, which is reviewing loan applications and providing loan underwriting services for the program, is getting $25,000 to cover potential legal costs and interest. The Vermont Small Business Development Center has likewise been awarded $25,000 to help them provide technical assistance to potential business applicants in the program.

The remaining amount out of the $2 million that was available in the first round is being rolled over to the next round of the program.

Applications seeking more than $5.6 million in total were received for the first round, but the funds are being pushed over to next year because the program is going to be redesigned. The redesigned program will aim to attract more applications for loans and grants that meet specific entrepreneurial economic development objectives.

In a statement announcing the funding awards, Gov. Shumlin said that when he and his team reviewed the applications, they found that most of the proposals didn’t offer the sort of transformational new jobs and economic opportunity they were hoping for, and would not have the desired long-term impact on the region’s economy.

“I am allocating funds to a limited number of projects that promise job creation and investment in Windham County,” said Gov. Shumlin.

The Governor added that the rest of the funding will be rolled over to the next round and said he has asked Vermont Commerce Secretary Pat Moulton to redesign the WCEDP application and allocation process.

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