Joint NYC Economic Development Corp-ESD Grant Secures MediaMath Relocation to 4 WTC

Software company MediaMath, Inc. announced plans to consolidate their NYC operations and relocate to a new headquarters at 4 World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan.

MediaMath relocates to 4 World Trade Center

MediaMath relocates to 4 World Trade Center (photo –

The new 106000-square-feet space lease the company has signed with Silverstein Properties will enable them to house their existing 300 employees in New York City currently dispersed across three separate Midtown offices, and support their growth plans.

MediMath plans to create 1,000 new jobs in NYC over the next five years, starting with 200 new jobs this year. They already have a total of 450 employees at offices in New York, Boston, Chicago, San Francisco, London, Singapore and Tokyo.

Governor Andrew M. Cuomo said the company’s commitment will generate 1,000 new jobs for New Yorkers, demonstrating the quality of the talent in New York and the attractiveness of the area for tech-savvy businesses looking to thrive.

“The State is proud to support the company’s major expansion in New York and we look forward to their continued growth,” said Gov. Cuomo.

MediaMath considered multiple locations in New York and New Jersey for their new headquarters before deciding to consolidate operations in Lower Manhattan.

Empire State Development President, CEO and Commissioner Kenneth Adams said that MediaMath is taking the next step and creating a unified headquarters with hundreds of new employees, adding that when businesses are poised for major growth, “it’s our job to make sure it happens here.”

The project was secured by a $5.8 million grant offered jointly by the NYC Economic Development Corp. and ESD. This grant, whose funding was federally sourced through the Job Creation and Retention Program (JCRP), was one of the major deciding factors that helped NYC retain the MediaMath headquarters and the new jobs being created.

JCRP grants are available to companies that are expanding or relocating to Lower Manhattan and plan to create at least 75 new jobs, as well as to employers making a commitment to retain 200 existing Lower Manhattan jobs.

MediaMath CEO Joe Zawadzki said they look forward to bringing their energy, culture and talent to Lower Manhattan and continue expanding their business at 4 WTC amongst the growing downtown tech and media community.

NYC Mayor Bill de Blasio said that MediaMath’s move to 4 WTC is yet another big step in the resurgence of Lower Manhattan and the growth of New York City’s tech ecosystem.

Jessica Lappin, president of the Alliance for Downtown New York, said that over the past several years, Lower Manhattan has seen a surge of five million square feet of relocations.

According to the Downtown Alliance, a total of 511 firms have moved into Lower Manhattan since 2005 and leased 12.3 million square feet, more than half of which has been leased by 226 companies in the creative and professional services sectors.

Silverstein Properties Chairman Larry A. Silverstein said he is thrilled to welcome MediaMath, which he said represents the advertising, media, technology and information companies that are driving the City’s economy and Downtown’s future.

New York State’s ESD Approves $10M in Economic Development Funding For 19 Projects

The Board of Directors of Empire State Development, the chief New York economic development agency, has approved $10 million in funding for 19 projects that will create or retain a total of 325 jobs.

Empire State Development

Empire State Development (photo –

“These projects spur economic development from the ground-up, and they are helping to drive growth and attract new businesses in communities that need it most,” said Governor Andrew M. Cuomo.

One of two REDC award grants approved by the ESD Board goes to the Development Authority of the North Country. DNAC is getting a $1 million grant to establish a revolving loan fund (Value Added Agricultural Loan Fund) that will help develop agribusiness facilities.

The REDC award grant was for vocational rehabilitation center Challenge Industries, which is getting $300,000 for a food production facility that will provide rental space and a central packaging and processing hub for farmers and producers for an area that covers nearly 5,000 farms.

Funding for four other projects was approved through the Empire State Economic Development Fund and Economic Development Purposes Fund.

Thomas Mott Osborne Memorial Fund Capital – This non-profit organization is getting $6 million to help them redevelop the Fulton Correctional Facility, which will now be the Fulton Economic Development and Community Reentry Center with a mission to help ex-offenders with everything from temporary housing to job training, placement and business development services.

Advanced Tool Inc. – Advanced Tool is getting $200,000 to help with an investment project including machinery upgrades and facility renovation. This $1.5 million project in Oneida County would not have gone ahead without the ESD grant.

Coast Professional, Inc. – This Louisiana-based company was considering an expansion on either coast, and chose New York over California, aided by a $90,000 grant to support their construction and renovation plans for an existing facility in Geneseo, Livingston County. The project helped retain the company’s 103 existing jobs, and helped create 47 new jobs.

Plattsburgh‐North Country Chamber of Commerce – The Chamber is getting $68,000 to help them attend the 2014 Farnborough Air Show in the U.K., where they plan to assist companies from New York market their products and services.

The ESD Board additionally approved $2,423,196 under the Market NY Grant Program to 13 Regional Marketing Tourism projects. These are all projects that support their respective Regional Council’s strategic plans for tourism, and will also be coordinating with the state’s “I LOVE NY” tourism division to maximize the statewide impact of the project.

ESD President, CEO and Commissioner Kenneth Adams said these strategic investments ESD is making in New York State support major economic development projects and are creating job opportunities for New Yorkers.

Arlington County and Virginia Economic Development Partnership Secure CEB HQ

CEB (NYSE:CEB), one of the world’s leading member-advisory companies, will be locating their new headquarters operation in Rosslyn, Virginia.


CEB (photo –

The company will invest $149.7 million into the project, which includes an agreement to lease 350,000 square feet in the new Central Place development in Rosslyn, which will now be known as the CEB Tower.

The CEB corporate headquarters project is expected to create 800 new jobs in Rosslyn and Arlington County.

CEB relocated to Arlington, VA from Washington, D.C. back in 2008. Tom Monahan, CEB chairman and CEO, said that Virginia has a vision for economic development and is committed to working with companies to bring this vision to fruition.

Monahan noted that this agreement to locate their new headquarters in Rosslyn simply would not have been possible without the exceptional partnership between Arlington County and the Commonwealth, adding that the Governor’s Office and local officials clearly demonstrated to them why Virginia is a great state for business.

Arlington County worked with the Virginia Economic Development Partnership to ensure the CEB headquarters project stayed in Virginia.

Governor Terry McAuliffe approved a $4.5 million grant from the Governor’s Opportunity Fund to help Arlington County with the CEB project.

The Governor said that a new global headquarters and investment of this magnitude are tremendous testaments to the confidence the company has in Arlington County and the Commonwealth even as it grows its presence internationally, creating the technology and workspace for 21st century jobs.

CEB has also been awarded another $5 million as a performance-based grant through the Virginia Economic Development Incentive Grant program.

The VEDIG program was created to provide incentives for economic development projects of exceptional value involving a large number of jobs with high wages relative to the average wage in the area.

Workforce training funding and support through the Virginia Jobs Investment Program will aid CEB in filling the 800 new jobs they plan to create.

Arlington County Board Chair Jay Fisette said that CEB is exactly the kind of business Arlington needs while moving forward as an innovation economy leader.

CEB’s advisory services clients are senior executives who make use of CEB to develop their teams’ leadership skills and key competencies. Their clients can be found in 10,000 individual organizations in 111 countries around the world. CEB member companies include 90 percent of the Fortune 500 and 85 percent of the FTSE 100, among others. The company generated $820 million in revenue last year.

Daimler Trucks North America Breaks Ground on New HQ in Portland, Oregon

Daimler Trucks North America has broken ground on their new state-of-the-art riverfront North American headquarters building in Portland, Oregon.

Daimler trucks groundbreaking in Portland, OR

Gov. Kitzhaber, Mayor Hales and Daimler Trucks CEO Martin Daum at headquarters groundbreaking in Portland, OR (photo –

Daimler President and CEO Martin Daum was joined at the groundbreaking ceremony by Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber and Portland Mayor Charlie Hales.

The $150 million project will give DTNA a 268,000-square-foot corporate headquarters building which will help the company consolidate employees located in separate buildings on both sides of the Willamette River.

The new and expanded headquarters building will also be able to accommodate the company’s growth plans, which include the addition of 400 new jobs in Portland. Daimler already has 2,800 employees working at their North American headquarters and manufacturing operations in Portland.

The decision to locate the new headquarters in Portland itself was announced by Daimler in Sept 2013, after a site selection process in which the company also considered alternative locations in the Carolinas.

“Oregon continues to be one of the most competitive states in the nation for advanced manufacturing, and this expansion bolsters that position,” said Gov. Kitzhaber.

The project was secured by offering the company a generous package of state and local incentives to stay put. The City of Portland has approved a $15 million package of incentives, forgivable loans and property tax abatements for Daimler Trucks North America LLC for the headquarters construction and for retaining and creating jobs in Portland.

Portland Mayor Charlie Hales said that they’re proud to invest in the future of Daimler Trucks North America in the City of Portland, and added that Daimler’s headquarters project will provide jobs for the local workforce and will also employ a significant number of minority and women contractors.

The company has also been awarded State of Oregon economic development incentives worth around $4 million.

The new DTNA headquarters is expected to be a green building with LEED Platinum certification from the U.S. Green Building Council. Work to clear the existing structure on the site began earlier this year in April, and the company exceeded its goal of recycling or donating at least 96 percent of the demolition material.

The design for the headquarters is aligned with contemporary architecture in the city, and Daimler is working with the Port of Portland to enhance the greenway trail that runs through the property so as to provide the public with direct access to the riverfront.

Iowa Awards Economic Development Incentives for Projects Creating 206 Jobs

The Board of the Iowa Economic Development Authority has approved financial incentives and tax benefits to four companies that are creating a combined total of 206 jobs and will invest $62 million in the state.

Jobs for Iowa

Jobs for Iowa (photo –

One of the projects is an expansion of CPM Acquisition Corp’s test center in Waterloo, IA. The company manufactures particle preparation equipment for the agriculture and food industries.

CPM is investing $715,000 to double the size of the test center and increase capacity. The IEDA has offered the company tax incentives under the High Quality Jobs Program (HQJP) program.

Another project getting HQJP tax incentives is New Heaven Chemicals Inc., a producer of chemicals that are used in the production process for biodiesel. New Heaven Chemicals, recently established as the Iowa-based subsidiary of Indian company TSS Group, is building a new facility in Worth County, IA.

Their $8.9 million investment in the project is being supported by the IEDA with $128,000 in direct financial assistance and additional HQJP tax benefits.

The biggest project out of the lot is an expansion by American Republic Insurance in Des Moines. The company is investing $24.5 million for upgrades to their historic building, and adding 146 new jobs with a qualifying hourly wage of $24.32. The IEDA has approved tax incentives to support this expansion project.

Incentives under the Targeted Jobs Withholding Tax Credit program have been awarded to refrigerated warehousing company Cloverleaf Cold Storage Co. to ensure that their headquarters stays in Sioux City, IA. The company has decided to invest $927,725 to relocate to a new headquarters in Sioux City itself, and will be creating 13 new jobs and retaining 23 existing positions.

Apart from awarding incentives for these four projects, the Iowa Economic Development Authority also announced awards for five startups.

Cedar Falls-based Kyoger and Des Moines-based Bawte have been awarded $25,000 in funding through the Proof of Commercial Relevance Fund. Des Moines-based Athena GTX and Iowa City-based Pear Deck have been awarded $100,000 loans through the Iowa Innovation Acceleration Fund.

The fifth startup being provided financial assistance is Keokuk-based Krato, which is developing a non-toxic pest control solution made using natural oils for getting rid of bed bugs. Krato has been awarded a Demonstration Fund loan of $75,000.

Yuhuang Chemical Announces $1.85B Methanol Manufacturing Project in Louisiana

Yuhuang Chemical is planning to set up for a large-scale methanol manufacturing complex in St. James Parish, Louisiana.

Gov. Jindal announces Yuhuang Chemical project in Louisiana

Gov. Jindal announces Yuhuang Chemical project in Louisiana (photo – St. James Parish)

The company will invest $1.85 billion into the project, which is expected to create 400 direct jobs at the facility with an average annual wage of $85,000, plus benefits.

As per estimates provided by Louisiana Economic Development, the project will result in the creation of another 2,365 indirect jobs, adding up to a total of more than 2,700 jobs in Southeast Louisiana.

The project will support 2,100 construction jobs at peak building activity. Construction is set to begin in 2016, with the first phase of operations scheduled to kick off in 2018.

Yuhuang Chemical Inc. is a subsidiary of Shandong Yuhuang Chemical Co. Ltd., one of China’s leading chemical industry companies with more than 5,600 employees around the world and $4 billion in 2013 sales. This is the first Chinese company to make a major foreign direct investment in Louisiana.

Foreign direct investment projects add great value to our state by creating high-paying jobs, increased levels of international trade and extraordinary career opportunities for the families of Louisiana,” said Governor Bobby Jindal.

The Yuhuang project on the Mississippi River will progress in three stages, with two methanol plants being built in the first two stages, and a methanol derivatives plant to produce intermediate chemicals in the third phase.

Most of the output from the complex will be exported via sea back to China, with the remaining 20-30 percent being shipped by rail and barge to the company’s customers in the North American market.

Yuhuang Chemical CEO Charlie Yao said that Louisiana was the right choice for their first U.S. manufacturing operation, and the location fits into their strategy to leverage the advantage that natural gas feedstock provides.

Louisiana Economic Development began negotiations with Yuhuang in February this year. The company has been approved for two performance-based grants.

One $9.5 million grant to offset the infrastructure costs of the project will be paid over a five-year period that begins in 2017. The other one is a $1.75 million grant that will be paid out over a 10-year period, and is meant to defray the costs of riverfront access and development.

Yuhuang Chemical will additionally be eligible for more incentives under Louisiana’s Quality Jobs and Industrial Tax Exemption programs. The company will also get workforce training support from LED FastStart.

Michael Hecht, president and CEO of Greater New Orleans economic development organization GNO Inc., said this is a major announcement for a number of reasons. Hecht noted that this is the first major mainland China chemical company investment in Louisiana’s history, and it adds up to more than 2,700 jobs paying an average annual wage of $85,000.

Hecht added that it also heralds a new chapter for investments in Greater New Orleans as they start developing and benefiting from promising relationships across Asia.

North Carolina Considering Legislation to Boost Economic Development Incentives for Large Projects

New legislation aimed at beefing up North Carolina economic development incentives that can help close deals on large projects creating hundreds of jobs is making its way through the NC Senate now.

NC economic development incentives

NC economic development incentives (photo –

The Senate version of HB 1224 includes, among other things, a framework for creating a new Job Catalyst Fund (JCF) under the purview of the NC Department of Commerce.

JCF, if established, would be used to provide state grants to local governments for helping them secure large projects that have the potential to create hundreds of jobs and generate tens of millions of dollars in private investments.

To be specific, the grants would be available to communities in designated tier one, two or three areas that are in consideration for projects creating 500, 800 or 1,200 jobs with an investment of $20 million, $35 million or $50 million respectively in real and/or personal property.

These jobs would need to provide health insurance and wages of at least 100 percent of the average wage in the county for tiers one and two, and 110 percent for tier three areas.

The recipient local governments would also need to match the state funding with local funds and must use the JCF state grant for things such as land acquisition, site and infrastructure improvements and facility development that make their location more desirable in the site selection process.

HB 1224 also seeks to enhance existing North Carolina economic development incentive programs. The bill hikes the Job Development Investment Grant (JDIG) program’s funding for the 2013‑2015 fiscal biennium from $22.5 million to $36.5 million.

Another program being enhanced is the Job Maintenance and Capital Development Fund. These JMAC grants are meant to keep jobs in-state by supporting investments being made by large manufacturing companies. The bill lowers the eligibility threshold for required investments from $69 million to $50 million, and would include projects where manufacturers are making investments to enhance pollution controls and energy efficiency while reducing emissions.

The maximum allowed annual cost of a JMAC agreement with any one company is still $6 million, but the overall funding for the program has been hiked from $69 million to $79 million.

All these proposed changes to boost North Carolina’s ability to close on economic development projects come after several large projects recently slipped out of their hands because neighboring states were able to offer higher incentives. HB 1224 will level the playing field and increase cooperation between state and local economic development agencies and officials as they work together to secure large projects with hundreds of jobs.

Google as an Economic Development Tool – Impact Report

Every year, Google releases an economic development report that includes state by state data on how Google is helping businesses all over the U.S. grow and succeed.

Google economic development report

Google economic development report (photo –

Their latest impact report shows that last year, Google’s search and advertising tools helped more than 1.5 million businesses generate $111 billion in economic activity.

California dominates the report, with 285,000 businesses and non-profits using Google tools to generate $25.4 billion in economic activity in 2013.

Not to mention the fact that Google has its headquarters and more than 19,000 full time employees in California.

New York follows with 141,000 businesses and non-profits using the company’s tools to generate $18.3 billion in economic activity. New York also has more than 3,500 Google employees.

The third biggest pool of Google Adwords and Adsense users is in Texas, where 116,000 businesses and non-profits used these and other Google tools to generate $5.6 billion in economic activity.

The report also includes featured businesses in each state, showing how startups, SMBs and non-profits are using various Google tools to grow and find solutions to business, social and economic issues.

One of the businesses featured in the California section of the report is Los Angeles-based BeyondCurious, founded as an “innovation consultancy” by Nikki Barua and Vishal Agarwal in October 2011 with zero capital investment and no clients. Three years later, they now have more than 50 team members and are generating millions in revenue at a growth rate of more than 500 percent year-on-year.

Their business is entirely cloud-based, and smartphone and tablet apps that solve business problems for leading brands make up a large part of their business. Android apps produce more than half of their revenue. The company also uses Google Docs, Adsense, Google Analytics, Youtube and Google+ as business tools.

The New York section of the report features The Wild Center – a not-for-profit organization dedicated to helping people get to know the Adirondacks and examining the relationship between nature and humans. Howard Fish, their director of Communications, explains in the report that they use the web to encourage people around the world to visit the Adirondacks and look at the ways in which people and nature can co-exist in the same place.

The rush of visitors to the Adirondacks is concentrated during four months of the year. The rest of the time, says Fish, they rely on advertising through Google Adwords to target specific markets and audiences such as those interested in Monarch Butterflies or programs they provide such as green building training.

Adwords and other Google tools including Gmail, Google Drive, Google+ and Youtube have made The Wild Center’s website one of the most heavily trafficked ones in Upstate New York, with website traffic doubling year-on-year. The organization now has dozens of staffers and interns and hundreds of volunteers that are helping preserve the environment while promoting tourism and economic development in Upstate New York.

Jim Lecinski, Vice President, Customer Solutions, Google, wrote on the official Google Blog that recent data shows that businesses that are online are expected to grow 40 percent faster and hire twice as many workers as compared to businesses that are not online.

Lecinski added that every year, it gets clearer that the web is helping create more successful businesses and more vibrant towns and prosperous communities with stronger economies.

Read more about the Google impact report here.

Audit Shows Boston Economic Development Organizations in Need of Structural Reform

Boston Mayor Martin J. Walsh released the findings of an audit of the Boston Redevelopment Authority and the Boston Economic Development Industrial Corporation that looked into their adherence to internal protocols, policies and procedures.


Audit (photo – LendingMemo/Flickr)

The audit of the two agencies which merged operationally back in 1995 was commissioned by the Mayor earlier this year in March, and subsequently conducted pro bono by KPMG.

In theory, the BRA and EDIC are supposed to function as a unified entity working on Boston economic development programs and planning efforts. The same board of directors oversees the activities of both organizations.

However, their operations are still largely separate 20 years after the merger. Actions and decisions taken by the board related to BRA are not binding on the EDIC, and vice versa.

The audit also found that employees of both organizations are still physically located in different places. BRA staff is mostly centered at City Hall, while EDIC is split between offices at two distinct locations at the Boston Marine Industrial Park and on Hawkins Street. Furthermore, their payroll and benefits are also different from each other.

The report also piles on the lack of integration between departments that operate under the umbrella of the BRA and EDIC. This includes the Office of Jobs and Community Services, Youth Opportunities Unlimited, and ReadBoston and WriteBoston, all of which operate almost autonomously while technically being required to report to the BRA’s director and board.

This lack of integration, according to the KPMG auditors, makes the BRA seem less efficient, responsive and accountable to the public than it should be.

The report suggests that all activities currently under the purview of BRA/EDIC should be examined to determine whether they are consistent with the overall mission, or may be better elsewhere.

The auditors also suggested changes at the top, with a BRA Director who can ensure the mission is defined and adhered to, and a chief operating officer responsible for day-to-day operations that are consistent with the implementation of the agency’s mission.

Another major shortcoming highlighted in the report is the BRA’s disjointed and insufficient compliance protocols. A compliance department was established in 2004, but the KPMG auditors were unable to get hold of a list of compliance requirements the BRA/EDIC should be monitoring and adhering to.

It seems Boston’s economic development organizations are currently unable to coordinate in order to track commitments made by developers, as well as deed restrictions and lease and equity payments.

The BRA does not have a centralized digital document repository, and critical documents are maintained in papers racked up in files. Leases expire and get renegotiated without new leases being prepared and executed, and there is no written policy for evicting tenants who are behind on their rent.

“We have a lot of work ahead of us to make the Boston Redevelopment Authority a more modern, nimble, transparent, and responsive agency,” said Mayor Walsh.

As a start, the BRA plans to hire an outside firm to do a comprehensive review of the agency’s planning department.

Brian Golden, acting director of the BRA, said they embrace these findings. “This is an opportunity to strengthen the way we do business so that we’re able to serve the public in a more efficient, accountable, and transparent manner,” said Golden.

Read the full BRA/EDIC audit – Download (pdf) 

Liberty-Source PBC Creates 600 Jobs for Veterans and Military Spouses in Virginia

Liberty-Source PBC, a business process outsourcing firm that offers onshore solutions to large multinational companies, is establishing an operation at Fort Monroe in the City of Hampton, Virginia.

Fort Monroe, Virginia

Fort Monroe, Virginia

The company will invest $1.56 million into the project, which is expected to create 596 jobs providing HR, finance and accounting, customer care and other support services to clients.

Liberty Source is an onshore BPO with domestic facilities close to their clients, and also a Public Benefit Corporation (PBC).

This makes the firm a responsible and sustainable enterprise with operations that benefit not just their shareholders and clients, but also the broader public interest.

Their socially conscious business model is focused on providing career and training opportunities to the dedicated but underemployed pool of skilled military spouses.

Governor Terry McAuliffe said that Liberty-Source PBC is a tremendous addition to the Hampton Roads region. “The company’s delivery model is centered on employing staff from the U.S. military community, and Fort Monroe and the City of Hampton have a long and storied military history,” said Gov. McAuliffe.

The Governor added that in addition to active duty men and women in Virginia, thousands exit the military each year, and the opportunities offered to valuable government assets by Liberty-Source will make a great social and economic impact.

Fort Monroe was decommissioned and designated as the Fort Monroe National Monument in 2011. The 565 acres it encompasses include 170 historic buildings.

Maurice Jones, Virginia Secretary of Commerce and Trade, said that an operation at a former U.S. Army post is a perfect fit for Liberty-Source PBC’s business model, and added that the company will be able to draw on the prevalent talent of the region’s strong workforce while bringing economic vitality to a location with a centuries-old military tradition.

Steve Hosley, president and CEO of Liberty-Source, said that Virginia is the ideal location to headquarter a BPO operation. Hosley added that with 30,000 active military members across all five branches located in the greater Hampton Roads area, the Fort Monroe operation offers them access to a highly skilled and dedicated workforce.

Glenn Oder, executive director of the Fort Monroe Authority, said they’re thrilled to welcome Liberty-Source to Fort Monroe, and added that the company’s hiring of military veterans and family members of active duty service men and women is admirable.

The Fort Monroe Authority worked with the Virginia Economic Development Partnership, the Hampton Roads Economic Development Alliance and the City of Hampton to secure the project.

A Governor’s Opportunity Fund grant of $300,000 was approved by Gov. McAuliffe to assist Hampton with the project. Additional funding and support for workforce training will be provided through the Virginia Jobs Investment Program.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230  Scroll to top